Tuesday, April 30, 2013

Ceiling Fan Regulator Motor Speed Control Circuit Diagram

This is a simple ceiling fan regulator circuit diagram. It is used to control the speed of a ceiling fan. In the other words it is an AC motor speed controller circuit, as because its control the speed of a AC motor(Ceiling Fan).  This ceiling fan regulator circuit built with few numbers of parts. The circuit mainly  based on Z0607 TRIAC. This is a low power AC semiconductor device. Generally which is used to controlling speed of low power ac motor speed. 

Circuit Diagram of Ceiling Fan Regulator :

Ceiling fan regulator-motor speed control circuit wiring diagram
Fig: Ceiling fan regulator circuit- AC motor speed controller 
In this ceiling fan regulator circuit, R1=500KΩ is a variable resistor that is used to adjust the fan speed. Capacitor C1 2A104J is a Polyester film capacitor.

Pin Diagram of  TRIAC(T1)- Z0607: 

Z0607 TRIAC Pin Diagram
Fig: Z0607-TRIAC Pin diagram

Pin Diagram of Variable Resistor R1:

Pin Diagram of Variable Resistor
Fig: Pin Diagram of Variable Resistor

Parts List Ceiling Fan Motor Speed Controller circuit:

T1 = Z0607 -TRIAC
D1 = DB3 C312 -DIAC
R1 = 500KΩ -Variable Resistor
R2 = 37KΩ -Resistor
C1 = 2A104J -Polyester film capacitor.
M1 = Single Phase AC Motor (Ceiling Fan)-220V,50Hz
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Friday, April 26, 2013

USB Power Booster

Power shortage problems arise when too many USB devices connected to PC are working simultaneously. All USB devices, such as scanners, modems, thermal printers, mice, USB hubs, external storage devices and other digital devices obtain their power from PC. Since a PC can only supply limited power to USB devices, external power may have to be added to keep all these power hungry devices happy. This circuit is designed to add more power to a USB cable line. A sealed 12V 750 mA unregulated wall cube is cheap and safe. To convert 12 V to 5 V, two types of regulators, switching and linear are available with their own advantages and drawbacks.

The switching regulator is more suitable to this circuit because of high efficiency and compactness and now most digital circuits are immune to voltage ripple developed during switching. The simple switcher type LM2575-5 is chosen to provide a stable 5V output voltage. This switcher is so simple it just needs three components: an inductor, a capacitor and a high-speed or fast-recovery diode. Its principle is that internal power transistor switch on and off according to a feedback signal. This chopped or switched voltage is converted to DC with a small amount of ripple by D1, L1 and C2. The LM2575 has an ON/OFF pin that is switched on by pulling it to ground.

T1, R2, and R1 (pull-up resistor) pull the ON/OFF pin to ground when power signal from PC or +5 V is received. D2, a red LED with current resistor R3, serves to indicate ‘good’ power condition or stable 5V. C3 is a high-frequency decoupling capacitor. The author managed to cut a USB cable in half without actually cutting data wires. It is advisable to look at the USB cable pin assignment for safety.
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Friday, April 12, 2013

Multimedia RIAA Preamplifier

Even if a large number of album titles once available on vinyl are now, little by little, being proposed as CDs, not all are available and far from it. You may have treasures in your collection that you would like to burn on CDs. First, preserving a CD is easier than preserving a vinyl record, and second, we have to admit that turntables are disappearing, even on fully-equipped Hi-Fi systems. From a point of view of software and PCs, converting from vinyl to CD is not a problem. A large number of programs, whether paid for freeware, are available to re-master vinyl records with varying degrees of success and to eliminate pops, crackles and other undesirable noises.
All of these programs work with the sound card of your PC and that, admittedly, is where the problem starts. Most high-quality turntables are equipped with a magnetic cartridge which typically delivers just a few mV. The cartridge signal requires a correction of a specific frequency, called RIAA correction. If our older readers will perfectly recall what RIAA is all about, others from the CD generation may not know what the acronym RIAA stands for, guessing it may have something to do with illegal downloading of music on the Internet. For mechanical reasons related to the vinyl engraving procedure, high-boost frequency correction is carried out while respecting a very precise curve defined a long time ago by the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) and, which therefore, quite naturally, was baptized RIAA correction.
Reversing the correction is the role of to the preamplifier for the magnetic cartridge. Since this correction boosts the lowest frequencies, such a preamplifier is very sensitive to all undesirable noises, hums, including, of course, the one coming from the 50-Hz (or 60-Hz) mains power supply. It is important to take that into account while making this project which must be done carefully with respect to grounding and shielding. The schematic of our preamplifier is very simple because it uses a very low-noise dual operational amplifier. Here the NE5532 is used, whose response curve is modelled by R7, R8, C8, and C9 (or R14, R15, C13, and C14 respectively) in order to match the RIAA correction as closely as possible.
Circuit diagram:
multimedia-riaa-preamplifier-circuit-diagramw Multimedia RIAA Preamplifier Circuit Diagram
The input has an impedance of 47 kR, which is the standardized value of magnetic cartridges, and its 1,000-Hz gain is 35 dB which allows it to supply an output level of a few hundred mV typically required by for the line input of a PC sound cards. The connection between the cartridge and the input of the amplifier requires shielded wiring to avoid the hum problems discussed above. Likewise we recommend fitting the assembly in a metal housing connected to the electric ground. With respect to the power supply, three solutions are proposed: If you are a purist and you want to rule out any noise whatsoever, you will utilize a simple 9-V battery. Then, the components outlined with a dotted line will not be useful.
Since the circuit only uses a few mA, such a solution is acceptable unless your collection of vinyls is impressive... If you desire a more elegant technical solution that might sometimes cause more undesirable noise on the signals, you may want to wire up the components within in the dotted lines and you can steal the 12 V positive voltage available from your PC. A Y-connector inserted on the power supply of one of the internal drives or peripherals will work very well for that. Finally, you may also use a mains adapter set to 12 V and connect it to the +12-volt point of the drawing in order to benefit from additional filtering, which is not a luxury for some.
Author: Christian Tavernier - Copyright: Elektor Electronics
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Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Electrical Isolation For I2C Bus

When the SDA (Serial DAta) lines on both the left and right lines are 1, the circuit is quiescent and optoisolators IC1 and IC2 are not actuated. When the SDA line at the left becomes 0, current flows through the LED in IC1 via R2. The SDA line at the right is then pulled low via D2 and IC1. Optoisolator IC2 does not transfer this 0 to the left, because the polarity of the LED in IC2 is the wrong way around for this level. This arrangement prevents the circuit holding itself in the 0 state for ever. As is seen, the circuit is symmetrical. So, when the SDA line at the right is 0, this is transferred to the left. The lower part of the diagram, intended for the SCL (Serial CLock) line, is identical to the upper part.

Circuit diagram :
Electrical isolation_for_I2C_bus_Circuit Diagram
Electrical Isolation For I2C Bus Circuit Diagram

Resistors R1, R4, R5, and R8, are the usual 3.3 kΩ pull-up resistors that are obligatory in each I2C line. If these resistors are already present elsewhere in the system, they may be omitted here. The current drawn by the circuit is slightly larger than usual since the pull-up resistors are shunted by the LEDs in the optoisolators and their series resistors. Nevertheless, it remains within the norms laid down in the I2C specification.
Source by : streampowers
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Monday, April 8, 2013

Stereo STK013 audio amplifier circuit

stk 013 amplifier
On the amplifier circuit using ic STK, the same as my previous posting. However, in the above circuit has 2 inputs and 2 outputs, or commonly called a stereo amplifier. This issue of power amplifier 2 x 18Watt and has impedance 8. To stress that it takes about 35-38Volt.
Component list :
R1 =  390K
R2 = 390K
R3 = 220K
R4 = 220K
R5 = 220K
R6 = 220K
R7 = 100R
R8 = 1R
R9 = 9.1K
R10 = 9.1K
R11 = 1R
C1 = 10uF
C2 = 10uF
C3 = 0.47uF
C4 = 0.47uF
C5 = 220uF
C6 = 0.047uF
C7 = 4700uF
C8 = 100uF
C9 = 1000uF
C10 = 100uF
C11 = 4700uF
C12 = 470uF
C13 = 0.047uF
U1 = STK013
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Saturday, April 6, 2013

5v Powered Charge Pump Battery Charger

The circuit below will trickle charge a four cell pack of AA or AAA NiMH batteries.  The circuit draws current from the +5v available a USB connection and pumps about 70ma of current into the battery. This should be enough current to fully charge a pack of 2500ma-hour cells in about 36 hours.  The circuit uses a single 74HC14 hex Schmitt trigger inverter in conjunction with a voltage doubler charge pump circuit.

Circuit Projects: +5v Powered Charge Pump Battery Charger
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Thursday, April 4, 2013

Simple 12V to 220V 100W Transistor Inverter Diagram

Simple 12V to 220V 100W Transistor Inverter  Diagram
Simple 12V to 220V 100W Transistor Inverter  Diagram
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Tuesday, April 2, 2013

Optimised Semiconductor Noise Source

We have already published designs that use a transistor junction operating in Zener breakdown as a noise source. Anyone who has experimented with a reverse-biased transistor knows that the amplitude of the noise voltage generated in this manner is strongly dependent on the supply voltage. The variation between individual transistors is also rather large. An obvious solution is to use an adjustable supply voltage for the noise generator stage. A BC547B starts to break down at around 8V.

Optimized Semiconductor Noise SourceUsing P1 and R1, you can adjust the voltage across T1 and R2 between 8 and 12V. C3 decouples the reduced supply voltage. An impedance buffer in the form of T2 and R3 is added to the circuit, to prevent the connected load from affecting the noise source. This buffer is powered directly from the 12-V supply. To adjust this circuit, connect the output to an oscilloscope. Then adjust P1 to obtain the highest signal amplitude, combined with the best ‘shape’ of the noise signal. The output voltage is approximately 300mVpp, and the current consumption is around 2mA.
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