Thursday, October 25, 2012

Watch Dog For Telephones

Most of the telephone security devices available in market are simple but quite expensive. These devices provide blinking or beeping type line-tap/misuse indications. Quite often they do not offer guaranteed protection against unauthorized operation. A very simple and unique circuit of a telephone watch-dog to safeguard subscriber telephone lines against any fraud is described here. This little circuit keeps continuous watch over the telephone lines and sounds an alarm in case of any misuse. In addition it transmits a loud tone through the telephone lines to prevent further misuse. When switch S1 is turned on, the normal (on-hook) telephone line voltage at the output of bridge-rectifier diodes D1 to D4 is approximately 48 volts, which being well above the break-down voltage of zener diode D5, the diode conducts.

Watch-Dog For Telephones  Circuit DiagramAs a result transistor T2 gets forward biased. This effectively grounds the base of transistor T1 which is thus cut off and the remaining circuit does not get any power supply. In this state, only a small (negligible) current is taken by the circuit, which will not affect the telephone line condition. However, when handset of any telephone connected to the telephone lines is lifted (off-hook), line voltage suddenly drops to about 10 volts. As a result, transistor T2 is switched off and transistor T1 gets forward biased via resistor R1. Now, the astable multivibrator built around timer IC1 starts oscillating and the speaker starts sounding.

Output of the astable multivibrator is also connected to the base of transistor T1 through capacitor C5. As a result, only a loud (and irritating) tone is heard in the ear-piece of the unauthorized telephone instrument. This circuit can be constructed on a veroboard using easily available low-cost components and it can be connected to any telephone line without the fear of malfunctioning. No extra power supply is required as it draws power from the telephone line for operation.
     
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Sunday, October 14, 2012

Short Wave Monitor


This broadband AM receiver enables you to ‘monitor’ the shortwave radio band. The circuit has been deliberately designed to have low selectivity and is most sensitive in the range from 6 to 20 MHz. This frequency range contains most of the shortwave broadcast stations. In this configuration, whichever station has the strongest signal will be the easiest to hear. An interesting fact is that the signal strength of stations in this band changes quite a lot. This is because the ionosphere reflects the radio signals. Because this layer of the atmosphere is in constant motion, the received signal strengths from different directions are subject to continuous variation. During testing of our prototype Radio Netherlands World Service, Radio Finland and Deutsche Welle alternated as the strongest station at regular intervals.


Shortwave Monitor circuit schematic

This receiver not only gives a good indication of the myriad of stations on offer in the short-wave band but is also an excellent tool for monitoring the state of the ionosphere. The circuit actually consists of no more than an RF and an AF amplifier. The high-frequency amplification is carried out by the IF stage of a CA3089. This IC is actually intended for FM receivers, but the FM section is not used here. The internal level detector provides a signal of sufficient strength to drive an audio amplifier directly. An LM386 was selected for this task. This IC can directly drive an 8-Ω loudspeaker or headphones without any difficulty.

The power supply voltage is 9 V. Because of the modest power consumption a 9-V battery is very suitable. In addition, the circuit will work down to a voltage of about 5.5 V, so that the battery life will be extra long. The antenna will require a little experimentation. We obtained reasonable results with a piece of wire 50 cm long. A length of wire in the range of 5 to 15 meters should provide even better results at these frequencies.
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Thursday, October 11, 2012

BA1404 Transmitter with UPC1651RF Amplifier

BA1404 transmitter includes onboard RF amplifier for increased transmitting range. Operating voltage range is 1-3V, the circuit contains FM stereo mixer, 38KHZ oscillator, FM modulator and high-frequency amplifier monolithic integrated circuit. As the electronic newspaper BBS there are many users requiring detailed information on the FM stereo transmitter, so I re-collect the relevant information on the simple discrete, merge, integrated FM stereo transmitter experiment, that BA1404 with μpc1651 mix of the most easy to make and debug, and very high frequency stability (relative to the previous circuit BA1404), transmission power is increased by UPC1651RF amplifier.
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Saturday, October 6, 2012

SAMSUNG C3303 HANDSET PFO NETWORK JUMPERS


Dear Now you can get your samsung c3303 handset ok in hardware in network problem by without changing new pf, network ic , just by making these tested jumpers shown in the picture, try it and comment on this ur results. .
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